Islenska

Icelandic wool

Why is the wool special?

The quality and usability of Icelandic wool is high. We therefore focus on ethical and durable production of wool products, local processing, traceability, longer useful life of clothing and possible recycling.

Every year the sheep grows a new fleece, so wool is a renewable resource. Icelandic sheep need to get rid of the fleece - we use wool that is produced in a natural way.

Icelandic wool is washed, dyed, combed and spun in Iceland, unlike most of the Nordic wool that is washed in the UK. Wool is often transported around the world for polluting processing and even plastic materials added to it, which are then released in the laundry (Super Wash band). The carbon footprint of Icelandic wool is therefore low compared to most other textile materials. Although it is best to wash the wool rarely, it has the advantage over many other textile materials that no unwanted or polluting substances are released in the wash.

Wool is a natural material, part of the carbon cycle and thus binds CO2. Organic carbon compounds are approx. 50% by weight.

Wool is an excellent raw material for both protective clothing and handicrafts. Wool is also one of the best alternatives for insulation and is a flame retardant material, so it is well suited for human habitation. Wool is easy to recycle and easy to dispose of as it is completely biodegradable.

Wool producers are constantly striving to improve the treatment and utilization of wool, the goal is to make the wool industry sustainable for the future.

In the past, sheep were sheared during the summer. Now it is usually sheared (taken off) in the autumn when the sheep come inside for the winter while the wool is clean, then again in the spring. The autumn fleece are 2-3 kg.

The "Þel" wool in the undercoat are the finest and shortest hairs (5-10 cm) of the fleece, they are on the inside of the fleece (spinning count of 64-70 and a micron count of 19-22). In Icelandic wool, about 88% of all hair in the fleece is "þel", but due to how short and fine they are, they only weigh about 50% of the weight of the fleece. In terms of fineness, Icelandic "þel" hair is equal to merino wool, but there is a difference in validity and length.

The "þel" hairs in Icelandic wool are somewhat different from the same hairs in foreign sheep, but they are irregularly wavy, which gives Icelandic wool a special position. The Icelandic wool hairs do not fall tightly together so that a thread or band made of bristles becomes more bulky than a thread made of the same number of hairs from e.g. merino wool.

The coarser and longer hairs are called "Tog" hairs, they are 15-20 cm long. The "tog" hair grows between the "þel" hairs in the fleece and is uneven depending on the location in the fleece. The "tog" can also vary depending on the sheep, it can be fine, soft and glossy or rough as horsehair, matte and rough. (spinning count of 56-60 and a micron count of 27-30)

Icelandic wool is becoming increasingly popular among spinners. It is also particularly suitable for felting.